Every Country in which dogshows are held will usually have it's
own kennel club and in some cases, as in the USA, there might be more than one. These
clubs set the conditions and requirements by which dogs will compete and qualify for their
conformation championship title(s). Below are just a few of these listed by country and
more will be added soon.
Club UK | AKC | UKC | CKC | FCI & associated
|The Kennel Club, KC (United Kingdom)
The all-breed dog club of Britain and Northern Ireland. This
may be the oldest known established all-breed dog club of the world.
Championships are awarded to dogs who
have won three Challenge Certificates (C.C.'s) under three separate judges at Championship
shows only. C.C.s are given to the dogs who have been judged the best of the first place
winners from the regular classes of each gender.
Another award that can be obtained is a
Junior Warrant, which is based on a points system. These points can only be obtained by
placing at Open and Championship shows. The points have to add up to 25 and must be
collected in the dog's first year of showing, between the age of 6 months to 18 months
old. A minimum of 3 points must be won at Championship Shows where Challenge Certificates
for the breed are on offer and a minimum of 3 points won at Open Shows or Championship
Shows where Challenge Certificates are not offered for the breed.
Limit shows are run by individual dog
clubs and are restricted to club members. The classes and/or entries at these shows are
often quite small. No C.C.s are awarded at these shows and they are less formal than Open
or Championship shows.
These shows have a broader range of
classes and tend to be more competitive. They can be single breed or multi-breed shows.
There are not group competitions at these shows and all Best of Breed winners compete for
Best In Show. No C.C.s are awarded at these shows.
These shows can be breed specific,
group specific (for example: gundogs, working, etc,) or for all breeds. These shows offer
the widest range of classes and winning at these can gain the ultimate award of qualifying
for Crufts, the most prestigious dog show in Britain. C.C.s are awarded at these shows,
hence the term 'Championship' show.
Crufts is a prestigous annual event
which is for Champion dogs who have qualified to enter by achieving wins at Open and
Championship shows. It is the oldest dogshow in the UK.
Club UK |
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FCI & affiliated Countries
Federation Cynologique Internationale, FCI
(International All-Breed Club)
Most European nations along with Japan,
Australia and New Zealand, along with a good number of other nations around the world, all
use a variation on the FCI rules to award titles. The rules for showing are similar to the
Kennel Club (UK) rules for class order and awards and variations on this may occur
depending on the country. Below are listed some of the FCI countries and their individual
The CAC is a CC (Challenge Certificate)
and stands for "Certificat d'Aptitude au Championnat de Beauté" while CACIB
means "Certificat d'Aptitude au Championnat International de Beauté". Each
Country will have it's own requirements for the number of CACs a dog must win to gain a
championship. These requirements along with any additional awards are listed here in
At least 4 CACs are needed in either
the Intermediate Class (15-24 months), the Open Class (from 15 months) or the Champion
Class under 3 different judges. Between the first and the last CAC there must be a
time-span of one year.
Austrian Junior Champion
This title is awarded to a dog/bitch
that three times was Best Junior.
A dog must win 3 or more CACs in either the Junior Class (9-18 months),
the Intermediate Class (15-24 months) or the Open Class (from 15 months) under minimum 3
different judges. The last CAC must be gained after the dog/bitch has reached the age of
Dogs owned and registered in Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Israel, Norway,
Russia and Sweden can be made Danish champion by gaining 1 CAC at a Danish show, provided
they are national champion in one of the countries mentioned.
The Netherlands (FCI)
January 1st 2006 a dog can obtain the Junior or Veteran Champion title,
when the dog has obtained 3 times a 1st Excellent in the Junior or
a dog has become Junior or Veteran Champion, this title is valid for 1
dog can obtain the Dutch Champion title by winning 4 CAC's. A CAC can
be won by gaining a Championship at a show, a Reserve Championship at
a Breed Club Championshow, 4 or more Reserve CAC's at shows.
double CAC can be won at The Winners Show in Amsterdam, a Breed Club
Championshow. A double CAC is only valid once.
dog needs to be at least 27 months old on the day of winning the last
the dog has already won 4 CAC's before the age of 27 months, a Reserve
CAC achieved after this age will be sufficient. The (Reserve) CAC's
must be gained under at least 2 different judges.
Germany (FCI) -
"Deutscher Champion" (VDH)
5 CACs from at least 3 different judges in either the Intermediate, Open
or Champion Class. Minimum age: 15 months. At least 3 CACs must be gained at German
international or national shows. The CACs gained at the VDH-Bundessieger-Zuchtschau
(German Winner Show) and the VDH-Europasieger-Zuchtschau (Europe Winner Show) count as
two. Between the first and the last CAC there must be a time-span of 12 months and 1 day.
German Junior Champion "Deutscher Jugend-Champion" (VDH)
3 Junior CACs in the Junior Class (minimum age 9 months) from at least 2
judges awarded at international or national shows in Germany.
German Veteran Champion "Deutscher Veteranen-Champion"
3 CACs in the Veteran Class (minimum age 8 years) awarded by at least 2
different judges at international or national shows in Germany.
3 CAC's from at least three different judges.
One CAC must be gained
after the dog/bitch has reached the age of 24 months.
In case the dog/bitch
already has a Champion title from another country, recognized by the Finnish Kennel Club,
one more CAC is needed after the dog/bitch has reached the age of 24 months.
Nordic champion (FCI)
The title of Nordic champion is awarded to a dog/bitch with a recognized
champion title from three of the Nordic countries (i.e. Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden).
3 CACs from at least three different judges in either the Junior Class
(9-15 months), Intermediate Class (15-24 months) or Open Class (from 24 months). At least
one CAC must be gained at a show held by the Norwegian Kennel Club or at the Breed Club's
championship show. At least one CAC must be gained after the dog/bitch has reached the age
of 24 months.
A dog/bitch that already has a champion title from another Nordic country
(recognized by the Norwegian Kennel Club) needs one CAC gained at a show held by the
Norwegian Kennel Club or at the Breed Club's championship show. The CACs must have been
awarded by a total of at least 3 different judges.
For the Polish champion title the dog needs 3 CACs from 3 different
At least one of the CACs must be awarded at a Club Specialty show or an
International show. CACs can only be awarded to a dog which is at least 15 months old and
between the first and the last CAC there must be a time span of 6 months.
3 CACs from at least two different judges. One CAC must be gained after
the dog/bitch has reached the age of 24 months.
In case the dog/bitch already has a champion title from another country,
recognized by the Swedish Kennel Club, one more CAC is needed at a show held by the
Swedish Kennel Club and after the dog/bitch has reached the age of 24 months.
CACs from at least 3 different judges. A CAC can be gained in the
Intermediate Class (15-24 months), the Open Class (from 15 months) and
the Champion Class. At least two of the CACs must be gained at an all
breeds show, either internationl or national, and between the first and
the fourth CAC there must be a time span of at least 366 days.
J-CACs in the Junior Class (9-18 months) from at least two different
V-CACs in the Veteran Class (from 8 years) from at least two different
Club UK | AKC | UKC
| CKC | FCI
& affiliated Countries
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|American Kennel Club, AKC (USA)
Exhibits are judged against individual
breed standards, which have been established for the AKC-recognized breeds by their parent
clubs. These written standards describe the ideal size, color and temperament of each
breed, as well as correct proportion, structure and movement.
Conformation Championships are awarded
to dogs who acquire a total of fifteen points with two major wins (a major win is worth
three points or higher up to a maximum of five points), in competition against other dogs
of it's breed. The majors must be won under different judges and at least one other judge
must award some of the remaining points - so dogs must win under at least three different
Points are awarded at All-Breed Shows,
Regional Specialties and National Specialties. The number of points awarded is based on
the number of dogs in competition in each gender in the regular classes and in special
classes such as Veterans and in Best Of Breed. The AKC has divided the US into a number of
regions and assigned point awards to reflect the number of dogs of each breed who are
regularly seen in competition in each region.
These points are then given only to
correctly entered dogs who are selected as Winners Dog/Winners Bitch (best of each gender
in the regular classes), Best of Winners (the Winners Dog or Winners Bitch is further
selected as the best of the winners from the regular classes) and Best of Breed (best of
all dogs of the same breed entered that day, including all Champions entered) and Best of
Opposite Sex (best dog of the opposite sex to the dog awarded Best of Breed). A dog who is
awarded Best of WInners, Best of Opposite Sex or Best of Breed may gain extra points
towards a title based on the number of additional dogs defeated. There are often special
awards offered for Best Puppy, Best Veteran or Best Bred-By Exhibitor, but these honors
are not awarded any points.
Fun Matches and Sanctioned
Fun matches are informal events held by
local clubs as a way to expose young or inexperienced dogs to showing and as preparation
for a club to hold Sanctioned Matches. Sanctioned Matches are semi-formal shows which
follow AKC's rules for sanctioned matches as preparation for the club to hold a specialty
or all-breed show. No championship points are awarded at Fun Matches or Sanctioned
A Sweepstakes match may be offered in
conjunction with a club supported event or specialty. Sweepstakes are usually offered for
puppies 6 to 18 months old and/or to veterans who are 7 years or older. The dogs are
judged in classes divided into age groups, by experienced breeders who are qualified
judges or who are in the process of obtaining an AKC judge's license. No championship
points are awarded to Sweepstakes winners, but it is considered an honor to have a dog
awarded by a peer at a sweepstakes.
Regional and National
Specialties are mainly single-breed
events which follow AKC rules for championship showing and are held by regional or
national breed clubs. These may be held singly or in conjunction with all-breed shows.
All-Breed shows are events which are
usually held by local or regional all-breed clubs and follow AKC rules for championship
showing. Local or regional breed clubs may also help an all-breed show by offering special
prizes for their breed to draw more entries. This is known as a breed Supported Event.
Championship points are awarded at Regional and National Specialties, Supported Events at
All-Breed Shows and All-Breed shows.
Westminster is an annual event similar
to Crufts which is for Champion dogs who have qualified to enter by achieving enough
points through Best of Breed and Group competition. It is the oldest AKC dogshow in the
Here are some links to learn more about
AKC dogshowing and competitions:
Club UK | AKC | UKC | CKC | FCI
& associated countries
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|United Kennel Club, UKC (USA)
The United Kennel Club is the second
oldest and second largest all-breed dog registry in the United States. Founded in 1898 by
Chauncey Z. Bennett, the registry has always supported the idea of the "total
dog", meaning a dog that looks and performs equally well.
UKC dog shows may be held for one
breed, several breeds or all breeds, depending on the experience of the club in managing
such events. Because of the U.K.C.'s strong commitment to promoting
breeder/owner-handling, professional handling is not allowed at U.K.C. conformation
events. Showing in UKC is also done without the use of any bait or with only very limited
use of food or small toys at the judge's discretion.
To earn a UKC Champion title, a dog
1.Earn a minimum of 100 championship points,
2.Earn points under at least three different UKC-licensed Judges, and
3.Win three Best Male/Female (or higher) classes with competition at three different shows
under three different UKC-licensed Judges (Championship competition is defined as more
than one male/female entered and shown in any one of the regular classes).
Championship points for Cardigans are
awarded in accordance with the Point Schedule for breeds without varieties.
1st place in Regular Class - 10 pts
(Puppy, Junior, Senior, Adult or Breeder/Handler)
Best Male - 15 pts
Reserve Best Male - 0 pts
Best Female - 15 pts
Reserve Best Female - 0 pts
Best of Winners - 10 pts
Best Of Breed: No additional points are awarded, but a
Best Male/Best Female who has no competition of the same or opposite sex in the regular
classes may still earn a win with competition by defeating a Champion or Grand Champion of
either sex for Best of Breed.
Group Wins at all-breed shows will also award
competition points to a Best Male/Best Female with no competition in its breed, but a
Group 4 winner is only awarded competition points if more than five breeds are being shown
At shows where Best in Multi-Breed Show or Best in Show
competition is offered, a Best Male/Best Female with no competition in its breed may still
earn a win with competition by winning Best in Multi-breed Show, Reserve Best in
Multi-breed Show, Best in Show or Reserve Best in Show.
The UKC additionally awards a Grand Champion title. To
achieve this title a dog must be a UKC Champion and win five Champion classes with
competition (Competition is defined as at least three dogs correctly entered and shown in
the Champion class) at five different shows. Wins must be earned under at least three
different UKC-licensed Judges.
UKC Matches or Fun Matches are informal events held by
local clubs as a way to expose young or inexperienced dogs to showing. Matches are also
used as preparation for the club to hold a Specialty or Multi-breed show. No championship
points are awarded at UKC Matches:
The Premier and Top Ten Competition
Here are some links to learn more about UKC dogshowing and
Club UK | AKC | UKC
| CKC | FCI & associated countries
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|Canadian Kennel Club, CKC (Canada)
The CKC founded back in 1888, is at the
centre of the world of purebred dogs in Canada. A non profit organization dedicated to
"encouraging, guiding, and advancingthe interests of purebred dogs and their
responsible owners and breeders in Canada" and "promoting the knowledge and
understanding of the benefits which dogs can bring to Canadian society"
To earn a Canadian conformation
Championship, a dog must earn 10 points, including two 'major' wins of at least two points
with competition under at least three different judges. Competition is defined as more
than one entry who is shown in any of the regular classes
A dog awarded Winners at a championship
show will be credited with a number of points ranging from 0 to 5 which are determined by
the number of dogs of it's gender which have been defeated. For a dog winning higher
awards, Best of Winners, Best of Breed or Best of Opposite Sex, the total number of all
dogs defeated to win that award are counted.
| Dogs Competing:
6 to 9
13 or more
| Points Allotted:
A dog awarded Winners which also places in the regular Group competition can also gain
points, provided there is competition in the group. No more than five points total will be
given to a dog for a single show. A dog winning Best in Show at an all-breed Championship
show will be credited with five points inclusive of any points earned at the breed or the
Breeds at Group Level
|| Dog Placed First
||Dog Placed Second
||Dog Placed Third
||Dog Placed Fourth
| 13 or
|10 to 12
|6 to 9
Here are some links to learn more about Canadian dogshowing and competitions.
CKC | Dogbiz CKC Events
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